The 35th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, also known as “The Persimmon Regiment”, was organized in the autumn of 1861 to serve for the Union Army during the Civil War. This new regiment formed in Hamilton, Ohio and most of the 900 men who served came from various parts of Butler, Preble, and Warren Counties in southwest Ohio. Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer was selected as the commanding officer and the regiment mustered in for duty with a three year enlistment.
They were involved in major engagements of the Western Theater of the Civil War including the Battles of Chickamauga, Kenesaw Mountain, and Missionary Ridge as well as the campaign leading to the Battle of Mill Springs, the Siege of Corinth, chasing Bragg through Kentucky, defending Chattanooga, and marching to Atlanta. Among those that they served under were Major Generals George Henry Thomas and William Tecumseh Sherman.
The regiment faced severe fighting at Chickamauga in September of 1863 and were nearly decimated while sustaining heavy losses of nearly half of their remaining number. The 35th mustered out of service in August of 1864 at Chattanooga, Tennessee and most of the survivors chose to go home knowing that the war was nearly over. At least forty of them continued to serve in some capacity for the remainder of the war due to the fact that some of them signed up later and still had time remaining on their enlistment. Some of the others re-enlisted and were assigned to the reorganized 18th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Some became commissioned officers in new regiments.
It is a known fact that the tough and brave men of the 35th Ohio never turned its back upon the enemy and was never driven from the field of battle.